5. Starter Shingles
Starter shingles are pre-cut rows of asphalt shingles installed along the bottom eave edges of the roof before the main shingles. They seal the joints where shingles meet to prevent leaks. Starter shingles also provide improved wind resistance. For optimal shingle installation and wind performance, starter shingles should always be used.
6. Roofing Material
The roofing material is the top exterior layer installed over underlayments directly onto the roof deck. Common options include asphalt shingles, metal panels or shingles, natural slate or ceramic tile, cedar shakes, or synthetic materials. The specific material chosen impacts cost, durability, longevity, and aesthetics. Homeowners should carefully select the right roofing material for their home, climate, and budget.
7. Roof Flashing
Flashing consists of thin, malleable pieces made of metal or other materials. It is installed around joints, valleys, chimneys, vents, walls, and other roof intersections. Flashing directs water away from vulnerable areas and prevents leaks where water could otherwise seep in. Quality flashing should ideally last as long as the roof itself. Regular inspections ensure that the flashing remains in good condition over the years.
8. Ridge Capping
Ridge capping is the trim material that covers the peak of the roof where two sloping sides meet at the ridge line. It is thicker and more durable than regular roofing material. Pre-bent ridge caps are designed to conform to the roof’s shape, ensuring a precise fit. Using the roof manufacturer’s approved ridge capping prevents leaks. Some contractors may cut costs by using regular 3-tab shingles instead of proper ridge material. Prioritizing high-quality ridge capping safeguards against potential water infiltration and contributes to the overall effectiveness and resilience of your roof structure.
9. Roof Vents
Roof vents facilitate the escape of hot attic air and the circulation of fresh air, offering essential home ventilation. Proper attic ventilation extends the roof’s lifespan by preventing damage caused by trapped excess heat and moisture. While turbine vents and power vents are particularly effective, box vents, gable vents, and ridge vents also provide sufficient airflow. It is important to note that having some form of ventilation is preferable to having none at all. By promoting proper air exchange, roof vents contribute to the longevity and overall health of your roofing system.
Additional Key Roofing Terminology for Your Reference
- Rakes/Eaves: are the edges of the roof that run up the sloping sides. Eaves run horizontally along the lower edge.
- Facets: are the flat planar sections or sides that make up the roof’s surface area. More complex roofs have more facets.
- Valleys/Hips: are internal intersecting angles where roof facets join. Hips are external connecting angles.
- Gable: refers to the triangular wall section underneath overhanging roof edges, often used for venting.
- Fascia: is the decorative edging underneath roof edges, sometimes part of the drip edge.
- Soffit: is the underside material of overhanging eaves, often with venting installed.
- Dormer: is a small roof section that projects out from the main roof, usually with a window.
In essence, understanding key roofing components and common industry terminology empowers homeowners to make more informed decisions when investing in a roof replacement or repair project. Comprehending the main parts of a roof system enables you to accurately assess contractor bids, anticipate potential issues, ask better questions, and ultimately secure the best and most durable roof possible. With this essential knowledge, you can confidently tackle your roofing project.
Contact us to get your annual roof inspection scheduled today: https://www.gusroofing.com/.